Do you want to create a website ?
Starting a website can be a terrible thing especially when you don’t really understand technical things. Don’t worry, because in this article we will discuss how to create a website using WordPress. Before we start, let’s first discuss the steps that must be passed before you make your website.
How to Make a Website by Choosing the Right CMS
A Content Management System (CMS) is a platform or a mechanical system that allows you to create content and publish it to websites.
CMS can also be regarded as software installed on your hosting server. Most hosting providers will tell you what to do to install your CMS. After you install your CMS, you can log in to your website and add photos, text and various content to your website. You can add blogs, product pages (or product pages), and portfolios through CMS.
CMS is more than just a means to an end. You can install themes that are modified templates to fit your site’s specific niche and goals. With templates added, you can customize the appearance of your site. You can add plugins to add functionality to your site, such as social media.
All of this can be done with a Content Management System.
What are the types of content management systems ?
One of the CMS that you will often hear is WordPress. But there are also other CMS that you can use if you are interested in, Drupal and Joomla.
WordPress is the ideal choice for those of you who are creating your website for the first time. This CMS has sufficient scalability and works well for websites with low or medium traffic. Some websites that use WordPress are TIME Magazine, CNN, TED, Techcrunch, NBC, and many more.
The advantages of WordPress :
- Easy to install. Most hosting providers have the option to install WordPress in just one click because of their popularity.
- A strong and open source community. You don’t need to pay more to use WordPress. This CMS also has a variety of free themes and plugins that you can use to make your website more optimal. In addition, WordPress also provides premium themes and plugins at a cost that is not too expensive. You also don’t need to worry if you experience problems because WordPress has reliable support. You can also find answers to your problems through Google and 99% of you will find the answers you are looking for. This is because WordPress has a strong community and they are always willing to answer questions from fellow WordPress users.
- Ideal for individuals who are not good at IT. Most of the products associated with WordPress, such as themes and plugins, are quite easy and to-the-point to use. Installing a content management system is the first step in creating a website. But you certainly need to configure your website. WordPress is quite easy to configure so you don’t have to bother making a good website.
Unlike WordPress, Drupal is not very suitable for website developers who are truly incompetent or the first time. Drupal is an open source CMS and is mostly used by large companies with extensive websites and high traffic loads. It has the possibility of self-adjustment with themes and plugins and this certainly adds value to the Drupal site. Drupal’s website is a little faster.
But if you are new to web development, this is not for you. Why? This is more complicated than what is needed to meet your needs. This is designed for complex and extensive websites with high traffic. Given that, there is no need to add to the difficulty of unnecessary website creation processes. And besides, you can always switch to Drupal later on.
Open source and free like the two previous platforms. This platform is arguably better than the other two when it comes to creating a user community (such as a small social network or community that is close to your readers) and far better used to create social websites with lots of interaction and involvement from users. Joomla is also easier to handle than Drupal and offers more than WordPress in terms of performance and tampering. Even so, if you’re new, it’s not recommended to use Joomla because it’s more complex than WordPress.
As you can see, WordPress is by far the most popular content management system and is used by 52% of websites worldwide.
Choosing Hosting and Domain
Before you choose a domain name, it’s a good idea to make sure what you want to target. Choosing a focus from your website can help you ensure that your website is relevant and this can also help if you plan to make money from your website.
You can register various domain names, here are some things that can be considered :
- Business website : If you create a website for your business, it will certainly be better if your domain is the name of your company or brand.
- Personal website : If this is a personal website – for example a portfolio website, you can use your own name.
- Hobby website : If you want to create a website about your hobby, for example you like coffee and want to create a website that contains coffee reviews, you can search for domain names that are related to your hobby.
Popular domain extensions are .com, .org, and, .net. But in recent years, there have also been domain names that have unique extensions like .ninja or .pizza.
If this is your first website, it’s a good idea to use “normal” extensions such as .com, .net, and .org. The unique domain extension above is arguably not included in the mainstream and if you use it, it can confuse visitors.
The next step is to choose a domain name. A domain name is the URL someone types when they want to visit a website in the address bar of the browser. Having the right domain name is arguably quite important. Here are some things that might help you determine your domain name :
- Short. Short names may work better than long names. This will make your URL easy to remember.
- Brandable. Don’t forget that your domain name will also be your brand name.
- Memorable. Try to make a name that is easy to remember – even by those who have just visited your website once.
- Catchy. Of course a catchy name will make you easy to remember.
- Specific to the niche. If you write a website that has a specific niche, try checking whether there are words or abbreviations related to that niche that you can use. For example, with WordPress there are many websites that have WP letters on the URL that get high rankings on search engines.
Your WordPress admin menu will be available on the left side of your screen. If you point your cursor to one of the menus, they will show the existing sub-menu.
Following are the menus available on the WordPress dashboard :
- Links Pages
This might seem confusing, but these are things that will help you run your website.
Set the appearance of your website and activate WordPress themes :
Themes – Appearance > Themes.
On the menu section, select Appearances> Themes.
Then click the “Add New” button at the top. Then choose one of the available themes or look for the specific theme you want to use. Install one of the themes that you like and activate the theme.
After you install the theme, you can customize a theme. You can do this by clicking Appearance> Customize. In this menu, you can edit the display, color, font, etc. But if you don’t want to change these things it’s okay.
Widgets – Appearance > Widgets
Widgets are modules or a collection of pre-made code to add additional functions to your website. You can put widgets in the sidebar, footers, and headers.
As you can see above, you can directly enter the widget you want into the sidebar on the right. The number of widgets that can be displayed depends on the theme you are using.
Keep in mind that widgets are not plugins. They are just codes that help you show what you want. Widgets can help with navigation, sometimes with social media, and you can even use HTML for widgets Text to add what text you want to appear in your sidebar. Widgets are very useful, but it takes time to learn.
Menus – Appearance > Menus
Menus is one of the important features in every website. The menu on your website helps visitors navigate the website and the content of your website. Of course you don’t want it if your content is already very good but no one reads it because visitors have trouble searching for its contents. Poor menus and navigation usually make your bounce rate high. (Bounce rate is the number of visitors in the percentage who leave your website only after one page opens.
Nowadays almost all websites have menus at the top or side or even under their website. You can easily add this feature to your website.
In this menu you can put several pages like “About”, “Blog”, “Contact”, and “Service”. You can add any page you want on your menu. The number of menus and placement usually depends on what theme you are using.
It is recommended to make a menu, you make sure that your menu :
- Minimal and clear
- Tell visitors what you offer on your website
- Easy to find by website visitors
Background – Appearance > Background
Most websites choose to use white as their website background. Indeed white background itself is becoming a website design trend because the white background makes visitors focus on the content of the website itself. However, you are certainly free to choose what background you feel represents your brand.
Add a Plugin
Plugins> Add New
Plugins are scripts and codes written to perform a specific function on your website. One of the most commonly used plugins on a website is the social sharing plugin. This plugin helps you to share your content to various social media accounts so that many people can see the content. Not only that, people have also developed plugins for SEO, security reasons, making portfolios, creating forms on websites, and even caching. You can find various types of plugins for various uses.
After you click Plugins> Add New, you will see the screen below :
Referred to as the plugin directory, here you can find plugins that you feel you need for your website. All you have to do is enter the name of the plugin in the search box on the top right, after finding the plugin that you want, then click active.
Pages > Add New
Pages on websites help divide your website into the pages needed to present various parts of your site’s content. With pages, you can create special template styles that can be used for various purposes that require the same or similar designs. Pages are content that is more than just a post and is used for specific purposes on your site. You can create a special page for Contact Us or create a landing page.
To add pages, you just need to go to your website dashboard, select Pages on the left, and then click Add new. After that, you can immediately compile your new page.
Comments – Automatically Already Available
Of course, every website needs readers to make them successful. Comments are a very powerful tool for opening conversations and increasing engagement on your site and this will only give more value to your site. Hardly, one percent of the traffic that visits your site leaves a comment. Driving interaction with passive readers on your site is difficult and requires time and effort.
You may often hear the term that content is king. Nowadays, there are many websites that discuss the same topics. Your content should be as attractive as possible so that people read it. There are many more websites now that have ever existed before.
So based on your site’s niche and expertise, you need to produce content that really offers value to be a reader. If you intend to make your site purely for monetary purposes, it won’t work in the long run. Do not rush. Usually it takes time before you can profit from your content. So focus on creating good content. Choose your niche and offer good value to your readers.
So how do you publish your content on WordPress? What formats are available to you other than plain text ?
Posts – Posts > Add New
Content can be considered the heart of your site. You don’t need to worry because WordPress has a posting mechanism that is very easy to use and this is one reason, very popular.
You have two ways to write your posts: one is a visual editor and another HTML editor. You can choose to use a visual editor to get started. If you have an understanding of HTML, an HTML editor (called a text editor) can really help you make the right format for your posts.
The visual editor is very similar to most text editors and allows you to add bold / italic effects to your text, change the font, add bulleted lists and numbered lists, synchronize content differently and add hyperlinks. There is also a hassle-free writing mode that gives you the fullscreen version of the editor.
Categories – Posts > Categories
Categories are a means to share your content. Categories are more important when your site publishes content on various topics. You can add categories from your post editor or you can access them on Posts> Category.
Now you can name the category to make it and you can add slug which is basically a URL that is added for all your site posts in a particular category. So, this is a very effective way to share your site’s content and find something on your site easier for visitors.
Tag (Posts > Tag)
Tags are very similar to categories, except that each post generally has its own set of tags. Tags are usually more specific than categories but separately they both help visitors find your content more easily.
Media (Media > Add New)
Media like in photos and videos are important for ordinary websites. They are even more for heavy media websites. Adding media is very easy with WordPress. You can add media from the post or add media directly to the media library.
You can add image titles, captions, descriptions to images. But it is also important that you also add alt text that helps search engines recognize your image. This is a small step in ensuring good SEO optimization.
Setting up your WordPress profile is easy. You can edit your profile from “Edit Your Profile” in your WordPress admin screen in the top right corner. You can put your description and add social media links.
To add a profile picture for your WordPress ID, you must have a Gravatar account. You need an account from WordPress.com that can enter your site’s admin panel.
Creating a perfect website is not an easy task. A perfect website requires continuous time and maintenance to stay that way. There is always something to optimize, trends to try, and security issues to worry about. If you plan to be in business for years to come, prepare yourself. Your site will drop at some point for some unknown reason; the code and design will grow old at some point; and you will find a bug with time. But by using WordPress, you can take care of most of these things easily. WordPress also has strong support so you will definitely be helped every time you have difficulty managing and configuring your website. Hopefully this guide can help you to start your website!