1. Lake Toba – Danau Toba (North Sumatra)
Lake Toba is a lake formed by volcanic volcanic activity including the Super Vulcan, namely Mount Toba, located in North Sumatra Province, Indonesia. The eruption of Mount Toba is estimated to have occurred around 73,000 to 75,000 years ago.
Because of the huge eruption of Mount Toba several international researchers conducted research on the causes that resulted in Lake Toba being formed. It is estimated that the eruption of Mount Toba is one of the most devastating eruptions that ever existed because the total material released reached 2,800 km3 – 2,000 km3 of Ignimbrit which flowed above the ground, and about 800 km3 which fell as ash mainly to the west. The pyroclastic flow from the eruption destroyed an area of 20,000 km2, with ash deposits as thick as 600 m with the main crater. This causes the formation of a large caldera filled with water which is now known as Lake Toba and the pressure up by the magma that has not yet come out causes the formation of an island in the middle of the lake known as Samosir Island.
Maskzona Netizen ever visited Lake Toba? This lake with unparalleled beauty is the largest volcanic lake in Southeast Asia and the second largest in the world after Lake Victoria. Lake Toba has long been known as one of Indonesia’s favorite tourist attractions that has been visited since 1980.
This world-famous archipelago tourist attraction has an area of 1,145 square kilometers and is actually more appropriately called the sea because with such an area in the middle there is an island of Samosir which is almost comparable in size to Singapore. how magnificent is this lake in North Sumatra?
In addition, the lake is also one of the deepest lakes in the world with a depth of about 450 meters. For Maskzone Netizens who are or want to visit Samosir Island visitors can go through the mainland on Lake Toba, there are accommodations available in the city of Parapat. Parapat is a small rocky peninsula that juts into the lake. On the way to Parapat from the hill town of Berastagi visitors will get some sights as the lake begins to appear and the road down the mountain close to the coastline. In Parapat, there are only Toba Batak and Simalungun Batak people known as happy and relaxed people, famous for their lively and sentimental songs. Although the majority have embraced Christianity, ancient beliefs and traditions still survive.
Maskzona Netizens can determine a more comfortable choice to enjoy a tour on Lake Toba and Samosir Island, namely by staying on the big island of Samosir in the middle of the lake. Here Maskzona Netizens can see the original house of the Toba Batak people.
The island has many traces of past stories in which there are stone graves and traditional villages, such as in Ambarita which has a courtyard with stone furniture where in the old days inmates were tried and beheaded. Or visit Simanindo where visitors will enjoy traditional Batak ritual music and dance.
This is where Maskzona Netizens will be brought to discover the unique and ancient Toba culture.
In Tomok, Maskzona Netizens can find souvenirs and batak crafts, buying typical hand woven red and black scarves called ulos which are still used today, batak calendars from rattan, wood carvings and others. Samosir Island can be accessed by using a regular ferry from Parapat. In addition to the ferries available boats are passing around the island regularly. And if you want to better understand the culture of Batak visiting the Batak Museum in Balige, farther south on the coast side there are many smaller hotels and accommodations around the lake, especially in Parapat and Tuktuk on Samosir Island.
2. Nusa Penida (Bali)
The island of Bali, it is undeniable that it has become very famous throughout the world because of its beautiful scenery, its thick cultural feel and its exotic beaches.
One of the attractions in Bali that is popular in the eyes of the world today is Nusa Penida. This favorite Indonesian tourist spot is the right choice for Toppers who like to do Island Hoping, and enjoy the underwater beauty by snorkeling.
Nusa Penida is a small island located in the southeast of the island of Bali, separated by the Badung strait. Near this island, there are 2 other small islands, namely Nusa Lembongan island and Nusa Ceningan island.
The three small islands that exist in the southeastern part of the island of Bali, have their own uniqueness and appeal and there are differences from each other. The three islands are included in the government area of Klungkung district, Bali province.
Nusa Penida Island is the largest island of the three islands and local people often refer to it as Nusa Gede. Gede means big. Whereas Nusa Ceningan is the smallest island of the three islands. Especially for Nusa Lembongan, the most famous island among tourists, especially Australian tourists.
With a beautiful beach panorama Nusa Penida and the surrounding small islands offer a different experience and will certainly spoil Toppers who also have photography hobbies.
The natural condition of the island of Nusa Gede consists of flat land and hilly land surrounded by the sea. The island has a very dry area, and the land in this area has a high limestone content.
The tourist attraction of Nusa Penida is located on the white sand beach, a place for rare plant conservation, conservation of rare birds such as Bali Starling birds, and green turtle conservation sites.
Aside from being a conservation place, Nusa Gede’s tourist attraction is located in marine tourism activities which are more familiarly called the name Bali watersport.
The marine tourism activities in Nusa Penida that are most preferred by tourists are scuba diving and snorkeling activities.
In addition to maritime tourism activities, the island is also famous for exotic and unique tourist attractions, especially white sand beaches, very beautiful and rarely visited by tourists, because for now road access to the coast is not adequate.
If you depart from the island of Bali to go to the island of Nusa Penida, the best and cheapest way to the island of Nusa Penida is by sea. There are several places in Bali that have a route to depart from Bali to Nusa Penida island by boat, including :
- Padang Bai Harbor, using a large ferry (Roro Nusa Jaya Abadi) that can transport your vehicle. With a travel time of 1 hour and the ship will dock at the main port of Penida.
- The port on the beach of Kusamba Klungkung, using a traditional boat type of canoe, with a duration of 1 hour and the boat will dock at the port of Toya Pakeh.
- Sanur beach port, there is an option to use fast boat and the choice of using a boat.
- Benoa Harbor, using the Quick Silver ship.
For those who want to stay, on this island also available lodging facilities such as home stay, bungalows. The best way to vacation to Nusa Penida tourist attractions is by motorbike. You can rent motorbikes from local residents.
Motorbike rental prices start from Rp. 80,000 – Rp. 120,000, many motorbike rental places are in the area of Toyapakeh.
3. Bunaken Marine Park – Taman Laut Bunaken (North Sulawesi)
Another popular tourist destination in Indonesia which is also crowded with foreign tourists is the Bunaken Marine Park which is precisely located in Manado Bay. Bunaken is one of the attractions in Indonesia that invites extraordinary admiration because of the beauty of the underwater park that is difficult to find in other countries.
Bunaken Marine Park is a representative of Indonesia’s tropical aquatic ecosystem which consists of mangrove ecosystems, seagrass beds, coral reefs, and terrestrial or coastal ecosystems. The islands in it are rich in flora and fauna. The waters of Bunaken National Park have 13 living coral genera (genus) which are dominated by types of edge coral reefs and barrier reefs. There were 91 types of fish living in these waters, including horse gusumi (horse Hippocampus), white oci (Seriola rivoliana), yellow tail lolosi (Lutjanus kasmira), goropa (Ephinephelus spilotoceps and Pseudanthias hypselosoma), ila gasi (Scolopsis bilineatus) .
In this tourist spot many marine tourism activities are offered, such as: diving, snorkeling, sunbathing, and swimming in the sea. On Kalase beach, which is on the edge of Manado City, there is a diving center called Dragonet which was the secretariat of the Sail Bunaken event which broke the MURI record with more than 2,000 divers following the flag ceremony on the seabed.
Visiting Bunaken Marine Park, Maskzona Netizens will find the beauty of life in the sea that makes your eyes can’t stop looking at it. In this marine park there are 13 types of coral reefs which are dominated by sea rocks.
In addition, the most interesting sight is the presence of a steep vertical coral reef that rises down as deep as 25-50 meters. Not until that, our eyes will be spoiled with 91 types of fish in it.
No wonder the Bunaken Marine Park is one of the destinations for tourists, especially sea lovers. Moreover, Indonesia’s favorite tourist destination for foreign tourists provides facilities for scuba diving with 20 of the best dive spots, where divers can have the opportunity to swim in the seabed with a variety of amazing marine life.
Bunaken National Park can also be reached through Manado Harbor, Marina Nusantara Diving Center (NDC) in Molas District which takes about 20 minutes, and from Marina Blue Banter with a travel time of about 10-15 minutes using a cruise ship. If departing from Manado port, you can use a motorboat to reach Siladen island which can be reached in around 20 minutes, to Bunaken island for about 30 minutes, to Montehage island for about 50 minutes, and to Nain island for about 60 minutes.
The entry fee to this location is IDR 2,500 per day for domestic tourists, and IDR 150,000 per year for foreign tourists.
4. Wakatobi (Southeast Sulawesi)
Still on Sulawesi Island, WAKATOBI is a ISLAND in the province of Southeast Sulawesi (Sul-Tra) and is one part of the Buton region. WAKATOBI is famous as one of the attractive tourist destinations in Indonesia, especially from the aspect of marine tourism. If you see the atlas / map / map, the position of WAKATOBI is at the bottom of the Southeast Sulawesi province, above the sea of Borneo.
a place with uniqueness and attractive natural beauty seen from all sides. Wakatobi is an acronym of names from four islands in southeast Sulawesi, namely, Wangi-wangi Island, Kaledupa, Tomia and Binongko. Caribbean Van Celebes is a nickname pinned to the Islands in eastern Indonesia.
Wakatobi National Park is also one of the world’s tourist destinations for those who want to explore the beauty of the underwater world. With an area of 13,900 km2, this famous tourist destination from Indonesia has no less than 112 types of coral reefs that are symbiotic with underwater fish, creating a beautiful underwater panorama.
Visiting Wakatobi, Maskzona Netizens seem to find another “little paradise” in the archipelago, where the beauty of nature and its distinctive atmosphere will surely attract anyone who visits there. Wakatobi is heaven above and below for travelers.
From above, we will be treated to the beautiful scenery of nature and coastal beaches. While under the sea, we will be more amazed by the diversity of marine life. Indeed, Wakatobi is included in the world coral triangle path, there are 6 countries that are included in this “golden triangle”, stretching from South from Thailand, Malaysia, Philippines, Indonesia (Wakatobi, Bali, Kalimantan, Lombok and Papua), Timor Leste, Papua New Guinea and ends in the Solomon Islands in the Pacific Ocean. And we may be proud, Indonesia with Wakatobi in it, is right in the heart of the world’s coral gold triangle.
Based on data reported from Operational Wallacea, Wakatobi has more than 750 coral species from 850 coral species in the world, more and diverse from the diversity of corals owned by the Caribbean. So, it is not wrong if we say that the beauty of the underwater world of Wakatobi is worth the wealth on the surface and land. Coupled with the richness of culture on each island that has diverse wealth.
This makes Wakatobi a diving paradise for travelers from all over the world.
5. Raja Ampat Islands – Kepulauan Rajaampat (West Papua)
The next paradise in Indonesia is the Raja Ampat islands located in West Papua with the most complete marine wealth on earth. Raja Ampat or Empat Raja are 4 beautiful islands which are the producers of ancient stone paintings. The four main islands in question area unit Waigeo, Salawati, Batanta, and Misool.
These names come from local myths from residents – residents around the island of Raja Ampat. The beauty and splendor of this popular tourist attraction from Indonesia is able to invite tourists from all over the world to come here and experience as well as an unforgettable sight.
The beauty of this island makes Raja Ampat as one of the most popular underwater tourism icons in Indonesia. There is one thing that is characteristic of Raja Ampat, which is the amazing underwater scenery.
Indeed, since ancient times the Raja Ampat island area of Papua has always been the main attraction for domestic and foreign tourists. Most of them deliberately visit this tour to see the beauty of the amazing biota and underwater coral reefs. In fact, many parties claim that the Raja Ampat Islands have the most species diversity of all islands in the world. Some rare marine biota species that you have never met can even be found here.
Not only the underwater scenery is amazing, Raja Ampat Papua also has another attraction that is no less special. Some elements also have a big contribution in arranging the beauty of this tour including dense forests, colorful limestone clusters, rare plant species and turtle nests on the beach. In addition, you also have the opportunity to enjoy the typical Raja Ampat culinary offerings served through elite beachside restaurants. Of course a different atmosphere will be drawn when you eat sea food accompanied by the waves and the turtles greeting.
With the island area covering up to 4.6 million hectares of land and sea, we can find 540 species of coral, 1,511 species of fish, and 700 types of mollusks. Keep in mind Toppers, according to a report by The Nature Conservancy and Conservation International, there are around 75% of the world’s marine species living on this amazing island.